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Promoting Intimacy and Other-Centered Sexuality
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Note: Liberated Christians is a primarily about heterosexual relationships.
While we are supportive of all sexual orientations, the leaders do not have the
resources to assist them in their special issues. Thus, our Fellowship groups are
not appropriate for gays/lesbians. However, individually Dave (an extreme heterosexual
- Kinsey Scale= 0) has done extensive biblical research and has been active supporting
biblical homosexuality for many years. However, there is no "official"
stand as an organization on homosexuality other than general support.
I Timothy 1:9-10 Serious Study
This passage is similar to I Cor 6:9 in that the word arsenokoites is again included
in the vices listed. Paul is combating Christian teaching he considers heretical.
The list of vices seems connected in the order given, with pornoi, arsenokoitai
and andrapodistai grouped together. So lets study what each of these words mean.
Pornoi in normal Greek usage means a male prostitute and appears many times in literature
of the time pointing to either the male who sells himself, or the slave in the brothel
house. (e.g. Demosthernes, Against Adrotion 73; idem, Epistle 4,; Aristophanes,
Plutus, lines 153-157 etc etc) Hellenistic Jewish and early Christian usage, however,
skews the apparent straightforward definition.
The word does not appear in any Septuagint book except the post Old Testament Sirach
23:16-18. I does appear a few times in the New Testament. The problem here is that
the word in Sirach and in the New Testament seems to have a meaning broader than
"male prostitute" and is usually taken by scholars to refer to sexual
crimes in general. But this assumption may be due to lack of awareness of the prominence
of the male prostitute in Greco-Roman society which may have misled some away from
it's more narrow original usual meaning. Within the text of 1 Tim there is no reason
to assume it meant anything more than male prostitute. The juxtaposition of pornos
with arsenokoites, however, should give pause before translating the word in a more
general fashion. There is no reason why the same relationship between malakos and
arsenokoites, that is, between the youth who is used and the adult who uses him,
could not also pertain to the two words in 1 Timothy. Pornos may effectively function
in relations to arsenokoites in precisely the same way as malakos does in 1 Corinthians.
This possibility is further supported by the third word: andropodistes. This word
means "kidnapper" or "slave dealer". While in our culture these
definitions carry differences in meaning, in the culture of the first century they
would be synonymous. One reason a handsome boy or beautiful girl would be kidnapped
is to provide slaves for brothel houses. Thus the kidnapper or slave dealer is the
one responsible for the pornos, who is used by arsenokoites. Should "kidnapper"
not be related to the preceding words in some fashion, it would be unique in this
list, since all the other words have some connection with a previous or following
word. The three words would thus fit together and could be translated: "male
prostitutes, males who lie with them, and slave dealers who procure them. If we
reflect on the Septuagint it makes sense. There is the injunction against arsenokoites
(Lev 18,20), pornos (Deut 23:18), and the kidnapper (Exod 4:16; Deut 24:7). Since
arsenokoites must be a Hellenistic Jewish coinage, and since the vice list here
does not seem dependent on that in 1 Cor 6:9-10, it may indeed be likely that this
list originated in the Hellenistic Jewish circles. Therefore it may be concluded
that the vice list in 1 Timothy may not be condemnatory of homosexuality in general,
not even pederasty in general, but that specific form of pederasty which consists
of the enslaving of boys for sexual purposes, and the use of these boys by adult
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